The architecture of psychiatric care has always been influenced by the conceptions of man and society. The Dutch health care system is currently undergoing some mayor changes. Vulnerable people with psychiatric disorders will no longer stay in a institution far away from the community, but will live independent in the neighbourhood, in the inclusive society. In reality independent living faces these people with some challenges such as loneliness, social isolation, stigmatisation, absence of safety nets of outpatient care, a lack of suitable low-cost rental housing and a society that is not entirely inclusive, resulting in, among others a ‘not in my backyard’ attitude towards these people. So now again the architecture of psychiatric care will be influenced by these changes within society. My research aims to develop and design architectural principles to enable psychiatric patients to live independently within the community.