Explore Lab 17
Shape grammar in architectural designNina Verkerk
Shape grammar is a system based on a basic shape and the recursive application of a set of transformational shape rules. With those shape rules, different new shapes in the same language can be created. The system of shape grammar is discovered in the seventies by G. Stiny and J. Gips, and further developed by different engineers over the past years.
Current use of shape grammars in architectural design can be distinguished in four stages [image: projectstructure.jpg]: (1) analyzing an existing building or style by creating a specific grammar, (2) develop a new (generic) grammar by adapting the found specific grammar, (3) create design variations in the same language, and at last (4) develop a new specific design based on those grammars. Most research has been put into the first stage, by developing specific grammars. I will focus on a generic understanding of theorem of shape grammar for the application in architectural design process. Therefore, my research focusses onto the analyzing and comparing of different existing shape grammars and the translation into a generic system. The grammars I analyze and compare are: the grammar for the Palladian Villa’s by G. Stiny, the grammarfor the Queen Anne houses by U. Flemming, the Frank Lloyd Wright Prairy Houses grammar by H. Koning and J. Eizenberg, and finally the grammar for the Siza houses at Malagueira by J.P. Duarte.
I test the generic system into my own design process for a Montessori College in Amersfoort (the Netherlands). My focus is to translate the local conditions and design qualities into shape rules, and systematically create variations of designs in the same language.
In Favour of Spontaneous Urban GrowthTodor Kesarovski
“A regeneration strategy for a sustainable urban transformation in Turin, Italy”
In the last decades the global economic restructuring has increased even more the pace of the urbanization and created new preconditions for essential urban transformations. The process of massive deindustrialization has led to serious reconsideration in regards to the physical structure and utilisation of the inner-urban space. Cities have been forced to work hard seeking for new spatial formations and opportunities allowing them to facilitate further economic growth within the post-industrial context (Couch & Fraser, 2003). The numerous urban regeneration projects have certainly brought an improvement of the urban quality of life, economic and environmental prosperity but today we have reached a stage, especially in the Western World, when there is neither an available financial capital nor political urgency to support these developments. As a consequence considerable amount of physical fabric has been left under the label ‘to be redeveloped’ for a decade or two abiding as spatial voids within urban areas. This argument implies a certain notion that the existing approaches towards urban regeneration do not seem to fundamentally successful means for achieving sustainable urban development in the modern context. Therefore, this graduation project addresses the urgent necessity for formulating new, highly flexible modes of urban transformations. It is both a research vehicle and design laboratory aiming to seek for an innovative urban regeneration approach relying on morphogenesis approach, spontaneous urban growth and temporary land-uses. The objective is to understand the qualities of the spontaneous urban growth, operationalise them and develop an experimental design project within the context of Turin. The ambition is to achieve this urban redevelopment with strategic and temporary urban design interventions rather than part of a large urban development project. The final products of this graduation project will be: (a) development planning strategy and (b) temporary masterplan. The execution of this thesis aims to provide a better understanding regarding the issue of spontaneous urban growth, develop an applicable design method based on the concept and reflect on the results of this experiment in order to deliver a valuable knowledge in the field of urban regeneration and design.
Architecture in MusicJoran Kuijper
Music can be the base of the architectural design process and can yield architectural el- ements and idiom which will serve as the foundation of an architectural design. From literature about the interrelationship between music and architecture followed four prin- ciples, named the ‘connexion’ of which form studies follow. These form studies will be of use by analyzing three music pieces of which resulting models will form the base of the architectural design of a crematory in the polder of Flevoland. The crematory will provide the visitors and users with the experience to follow a cremation in its full process, even delivering the remains to the crematorium oven and taking back the ashes. Integration in the landscape of Flevoland is a very important part of the design. The crematory will be of a small and intimate scale.