Explore Lab 22
From World Expo to Expo WorldMarthe van Gils
Although World Expo’s appearance changed drastically over the past 150 years, the colonial power structure on which it is based is still visible today. At the Expo nations represent themselves by the means of architectural pavilions that do not allow for any interrelation, which quickly fall into stereotyping, and in this way do not promote an inclusive worldview. This project aims to contribute with an inclusive architectural model for an Expo of the World, by creating pavilions that allow for reflection and introspection across the globe, exposing both the internal versatility and contradictions of the everyday, and the fundamentals shared on earth.
Architecture Graphic Graphic ArchitectureMichael Tjia
If it is the shift from the construction site to the designer’s studio which sets building apart from architecture, then an investigation of the architect’s studio is imperative. Here, the drawing board, in all its iterations, is a vital tool to produce sketches, diagrams and drawings, to study, inform and seduce, and possibly, to build.
In its built form, architecture continuously broadcasts content, much like its graphic counterpart before it. It is because of this that buildings fall under continuous scrutiny of the public, generating meaning and relevance or entering mainstream conversation in the form of unapologetic nicknames.
Borrowing from communication methods already used at the drawing board, architecture itself could be deployed as a communication medium. I will study these forms of communication in the highly graphic and representative landscape of the Bollenstreek. Both utilising and shaking off any possible form of interpretation, ducks and (un)decorated sheds will be developed for an alternative showcase of Dutch flowers and horticulture.
(METRO) POLISSoscha Monteiro de Jesus
(METRO) POLIS refers to the reciprocal relation between the urban environment and the metro system in Tokyo, Japan. In November 2016, its largest fish market relocates, leaving behind a vast territory in one of the central wards. As a strategy to connect this post-industrial territory to the everyday of the Tokyoites, a metro station is proposed in a former market hall of the Tsukiji Shijō.
The design aims to release the potential of the transport hub as an urban centre, by redefining the metro station as a generous, inclusive place that allows a multitude of practices and timespaces to unfold: a place for the Tokyoites.
Contested heritage, memory and metamorphosesIris van der Wal
The Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana, better known as the Square Colosseum, is one of the most iconic buildings of the EUR-district in Rome. The area was built to host the World Expo of 1942 and celebrate twenty years of Fascism. The edifice gained popularity through its appearance in movies, and lately as the new headquarters of the fashion brand Fendi. Using the Square Colosseum as imagery for logos, stores and fashion shows, the building is re-branded from Fascism to fashion, reducing heritage to its subjective aesthetic value.
I provide another view on dealing with contested heritage by creating a contemporary context by intervening in the building, its surroundings and imagery. Rather than following the organised policy of forgetting the past, the layered redesign will show the traces of time and the contrasting attitudes towards society.
Temporary ArchitectSaimi Triemstra
In the Netherlands (and all over Europe) we all have seen the signs on empty office buildings that tell us that it is for sale or for rent. At this moment almost 16 percent of the total office floor area is empty. This problem is mainly caused by a mismatch between supply and demand. While the problem is well-known, not much is done to create solution for it. In my graduation project I will make a solution for this problem. The solution that I will provide will be focussed on temporary transformation of the vacancy. Temporary solutions are realized quicker and also can be built down again quicker. This fast approach to the problem can help to create a direct boost for the neighborhood. So the focus in this graduation project is the temporary use of vacant offices. But the real question is about the role of the architect in these projects. And what instruments the architect can use when dealing with this projects. That is what will create the end result of my project. In the design I will focus on an office building in Rotterdam and see how I can use the instruments I found earlier in the process.
The Art of AgeingMaria Rohof
Decay and decline are always happening and we as humans normally trying to increase that. I think we try
to hard which result in unnatural outcomes. For example the whole cosmetic industry, but also in architecture.
As architects we are used to build in a permanent way. Buildings and structures that outlive us. We are trying to capture our building environment, because it give us identity. But hereby we mostly manipulating history for different purposes. Why are we trying to fool ourself.
This project will be a search to understanding the way of how we build nowadays and what it can be in the future.
Real-time CityLoes Thijssen
Today’s cities and buildings are planned inefficiently. When people go to work or school, most homes remain empty during the day. And during the night, most offices, schools, gyms etc have been left behind. Can’t we think about a more efficient way of planning? Can’t we imagine a city where spaces just exist for the time they are desired and needed? Currently we are controlling our lives to create minimumwaste, energy, pollution, but what about (unused) space?
Every citizen is constantly busy with different activities during the day: from daily routines such as toothbrushing and going to work to exceptions as having parties or going to the cinema. As we can’t combine these activities all in the same space we need different spaces in order to create various conditions.
The environment as it is right now is not designed to inhabit fast changing and exible needs. The materials that are forming those spaces are just too static and rigid.City planning and architecture can be much more intelligent using real-time data in order to plan a perfect tailor-made city.
IT’S TIME FOR REAL-TIME!
Circulaire economie voor architectenFieke Grooters
Circulaire economie is een nieuwe ‘duurzaamheidsbeweging’. Veel partijen zien de voordelen er van in. Het grootste voordeel, ten opzichte van andere duurzaamheidsinitiatieven, is dat het een economie betreft: een totaalplaatje. Daar waar wetgeving vaak slechts een blok aan het been is, zonnepanelen slechts losse objecten zijn en duurzame bouwmaterialen veel te duur zijn, is circulaire economie een geoliede machine. Waardoor duurzaam handelen een logisch gevolg is, kostenbesparing door efficiëntie onvermijdelijk is en niet-duurzaam handelen vanzelf verleden tijd wordt omdat het simpelweg niet meer loont.
Echter, daadwerkelijk de transitie maken blijkt erg moeilijk te zijn voor bedrijven. Koplopers pronken met de stappen die ze gezet hebben, maar de grote meute is nog niet om.
In mijn onderzoek onderzoek ik wat deze nieuwe economie zal betekenen voor de architectenbranche om de stap voor het peloton makkelijker te maken. In mijn ontwerp pas ik de bevindingen toe waarna deze nieuwe stappen uitgebreid gereflecteerd worden.
Analytical ThresholdMartin Vrielink
With current technological developments an architect has never been in a better position to pursue better building performance by simulation. Vast amounts of data is accessible about the design and its performance during a design process. Simulation can be run by the architect himself to give insight in the performance of the building.
This raises the question what the consequences are of such an integration of building performance analysis tools into one’s design process. This graduation project explores the subject of integrating analytical tools in the early stages of the design process and the consequences of doing so. By pinning down the ‘analytical threshold’ an architect encounters statement can be made regarding the way the use of analytical tools relates to current design process theory and framework.
Shared living and the desired level of privacyMerel Paes
Nowadays a lot of people are still moving to our cities. Yet, many of these people, in those cities full of activities, are feeling lonely from time to time. This is caused by our individualistic oriented society and the fact that a growing number of singles is living in one-person households. In order to design cities for the future a new way of living has to be found. This ‘new way of living’ should tackle the social and spatial issues cities are coping with. Solutions are to be found with an unstrained perspective on the strict separation between private and collective spaces. We should focus more on collectivity. Yet, every person needs a certain amount of privacy. This means that we should emphasise on the collective and at the same time comply with the desired level of privacy of every individual. My goal is to design a residential building with the maximum achievable communal space and the minimum needed amount of private spaces for every individual.
Architecture and real estate development are both dealing with the built environment. One is embedded in the other, yet not always present in one or other’s profession. But the tools of the architect commissioned to work for a property developer in the Czech Republic are in general very limited and he is only reliable on somebody else’s, mostly financial profit seeking decisions.
Different social and cultural evolution in the Czech Republic also caused lack of spatial planning and architectural knowledge among general public, politicians, policy makers are contributing significantly to the poor situation on real estate market. People are unfortunately not aware of what they can receive under which price as well as the quality of the space they live or work in, nor they are unable in some cases to absorb and appreciate the offered quality. Therefore, their requirements, to the delight of developers, are lower.
Therefore, real estate developers in Czech Republic are not forced into creating high standard housing which may contribute to their surroundings and cities, nor its users as much as they could. Real estate development is therefore driven mostly by the highest achievable profit possible. Profits are not difficult to create by saving on the building quality by applying cheaper materials or cheaper labor. Developers crave for higher profit over the building’s quality.
I believe that architects need to react to such situations proactively and search for the other less explored roles. I would like to take the perspective of property development and relationship between architects and developers and further research the role of architect-developer. As I would like to play such role in my future career.
The position of an architect who is also a developer may be a tool how to also push the profession further and progress faster, be in closer contact with dwellers and be able to understand their needs and adapt to their needs and provide a dwelling with suits their contemporary lives, design for the people. It is also a way through which the architect can address the needs of the city from a better, stronger position.
The generation of integrationMaura Henkes
Since the beginning of the Arabian Spring in 2011, many people have fled their homecountries and came to Europe as a refugee. In the Netherlands, this is giving many problems. Not only do we not have enough space in asylum seeker centers to house all refugees, but also Dutch citizens have been protesting against opening new asylum seeker centers. All because of fear for something they are not familiar with.
In the next years an increase in the amount of asylum seekers is expected. Integration will become more important than ever. In order to take away the fear of Dutch citizens, the integration of these asylum seekers has to be started earlier. Integration has many positive effects, but the first period is critical. Asylum centers could play an important role. However, because of time pressure, most centers lack a beautiful or smart design. They lack value for residents of the surrounding city parts. What if a refugee centre would not only be useful to refugees, but would also be a valuable addition to the existing city? A place for catching up? For letting your children play? For meeting new people?
A place for everyone?
Educational environments for children in ColombiaAimée Artémis Kouyoumdjian
Due to the many years of internal conflict in Colombia many human rights have been violated. On top of this, there is a large diversity in ethnicities and more importantly inequalities exist between them, particularly towards the indigenous communities and other minorities that are spread throughout the country. Together they result in a lack of citizenship, adding new difficulties for the many displaced people, who mainly fled from the countryside to the cities. My project concentrates itself around the most vulnerable group of this long history of violence: the children, with a focus on the notion of citizenship and the social-spatial qualities that it requires. The project will attempt to become a system -combining living and educational functions- that could function in many different sites while being inspired by the wealth of the Colombian nature, landscapes and local customs. The main concept of the design is to reconstruct families in order to offer a permanent home to the children in vulnerable situations where “the school can be put within the home”, as would have said Maria Montessori.
Beauty of Holland: MaterialsTim Jongerius
Holland possesses a lot of beauty. Beauty in the flat stretched landscapeswhere ninety percent of the view is air and clouds, beauty in the purpleheathland with its sandy hills and flats, beauty in its beaches and dunescovered in pale tinted grasses, beauty in the rolling hills further to the south.The landscape has a lot of variety, caused by nature or the hands of man. Still I find this variety hard to find in the build environment. In my observation the build environment doesn’t reflect the landscape well. There is no obvious build to landscape relation, even though the Dutch landscapes offer geological differences and differences in plants and animals. This ought to translate to a noticeable variety in materials?